History of Romania

The Memorial to the Victims of Communism

The Memorial to the Victims of Communism is dedicated, as the name says, to the victims of communist terror. It is the place where the elites of the country were purged, as well as the place where the memory of totalitarianism is kept alive, as a form of protest. The building was constructed as a barracks during the Austrian-Hungarian Monarchy and later became a border town next to the USSR. In the 1950s it began to ...

Cotroceni National Museum, a true edifice of history

The magnificent Cotroceni complex originates from 1678 when Serban Cantacuzino, ruler of Wallachia, erected here a monastery and a Baroque palace. Its strategic position, near the city of Bucharest, brought Cotroceni in the attention off all the later rulers. Many of them paid special care on enlarging and embellishing the complex. So, Cotroceni National Museum is not just an amazing architectural ensemble ...

Ceausescu Palace – The home of the former Romanian dictator

Ceausescu Palace (also known as the Spring Palace), a luxurious building, where Romania's former leader Nicolae Ceausescu and his family lived, is open to the public for the first time in history and included in the tourist circuit. Built between 1964-1965, the opulent former residence has a land of 14,830 square meters made after a design of architect Aron Grimberg-Solari. Palace’s architecture is ...

The Dacian fortresses in the Orastie Mountains

The six surviving Dacian fortresses (Costesti-Cetatuie, Costesti-Blidaru, Luncani-Piatra Rosie, Sarmizegetusa Regia, Banita, and Capalna) used to be part of a system of fortifications built by the Dacians in the first century BC around their capital, Sarmizegetusa. Their location, at the top of virtually inaccessible hills, surrounded by thick walls, hint to their exclusively defensive purpose. The ...

5 more Romanian castles that you should visit

In one of our previous articles, we told you about some of the most beautiful castles Romania has to offer. But because Romania is a country with a rich medieval history, here’s another list of 5 Romanian castles that you should definitely visit. 1. Fagaras Citadel The Fagaras Citadel’s construction started in 1310 on the grounds of an older fortification made of wood and dirt. It was built in order to provide a ...

Romanian mythology – The legend of master Manole and Arges Monastery

The Romanian mythology is impressive, with the legend of Dochia and Traian, the story about the brothers Roman and Vlahata, about Zburatorul - the lovers from the starts, about the Ballad of Miorita and master Manole. A very charming place, full of history, is Curtea de Arges town, the first capital of Walachia - the Romanian southern region. The main attraction here is the Monastery of Arges, build in 1517 by the ...

What do Romanians celebrate on December 1st?

The right and short answer would be ”unification and freedom”. December 1st is Romania’s National Day (Ziua Națională), or Great Union Day (Ziua Marii Uniri). On December 1st, 1918, after the return of King Ferdinand and Queen Maria from Bucharest, in the heart of Transylvania, at Alba Iulia was voted by the Great National Assembly the unification of Transylvania, Banat, Crisana and Maramures with ...

Romania under Nicolae Ceausescu’s communist regime

Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife Elena ruled the country for 24 years, from 1965 until 1989. During those years, Romania witnessed many transformations and mutations and the population had to endure never-ending injustices and limitations. Historians are generally presenting the Nicolae Ceausescu's communist regime divided into two distinctive phases: one between 1965 and 1971 and the second between 1971 and ...

Vlad the Impaler the legend – a source of inspiration for novels

As we talked last week, today we will reveal information about Vlad the Impaler the legend and how he became an inspiration for novels. Vampires and werewolves, immortal counts and mysterious places are, apparently, some of the most long-lasting themes of Hollywood and the recent huge success of movies Twilight or Blade is just the tip of the iceberg. There is a constant fascination with vampires that seem to easily ...

Vlad III the Vigilante, also known as Vlad III Dracula

As we said last week, today you'll find about Vlad III Dracula, the Vigilante and all about his image as a merciless warrior. You must know that Romanians remember him as a fair leader. Vlad III Dracula is usually described as a very cruel and violent man, enjoying killing and torturing his enemies. At least, this is his worldwide reputation and the connections with the bloody Count Dracula are just maintaining this ...