History of Romania

The history of Ferentz’s Cross

Surrounded by great Empires, the small borders of Moldavia were constantly attacked by its neighbors. Two of these big empires, the Turkish and the Austrian, started the Austro-Turkish war in 1716. The Austrian Empire declared war on the Ottoman Empire in 1716 because Carol the 6th of Habsburg wanted to expand the borders of his empire far to the east (towards the Ottoman Empire). The Ottoman Empire started the war ...

The Memorial to the Victims of Communism

The Memorial to the Victims of Communism is dedicated, as the name says, to the victims of communist terror. It is the place where the elites of the country were purged, as well as the place where the memory of totalitarianism is kept alive, as a form of protest. The building was constructed as a barracks during the Austrian-Hungarian Monarchy and later became a border town next to the USSR. In the 1950s it began to ...

Cotroceni National Museum

The magnificent Cotroceni complex originates from 1678 when Serban Cantacuzino, ruler of Wallachia, erected here a monastery and a Baroque palace. Its strategic position, near the city of Bucharest, brought Cotroceni in the attention off all the later rulers. Many of them paid special care on enlarging and embellishing the complex. So, Cotroceni National Museum is not just an amazing architectural ensemble ...

Ceausescu Palace – The home of the former Romanian dictator

The Ceausescu Palace, also known as the Spring Palace, is a luxurious building where Romania's former Communist leader, Nicolae Ceausescu, and his family, lived between 1965 and 1989. The Palace was built between 1964 and 1965, and it is surrounded by 14,830 square meters of land. The architecture designer of the palace was Aron Grimberg-Solari, and the landscaping was done by Robert Wolf, who also designed the ...

The Dacian Fortresses in the Orastie Mountains

The six surviving Dacian fortresses (Costesti-Cetatuie, Costesti-Blidaru, Luncani-Piatra Rosie, Sarmizegetusa Regia, Banita, and Capalna) used to be part of a system of fortifications built by the Dacians in the first century BC around their capital, Sarmizegetusa. Their location, at the top of virtually inaccessible hills, surrounded by thick walls, hint to their exclusively defensive purpose. The ...

Romania’s National Day

In Romania, December 1st is more than the official beginning of winter. On this day, in 1918, Romania commemorates the unification of Transylvania, Bessarabia, and Bukovina, with the Old Romanian Kingdom (composed of Wallachia and Moldavia). But despite the fact that almost 100 years passed since the Great Union, Romania's National Day wasn't always celebrated on December 1st. Prior to 1948, the holiday was ...

Romania under Nicolae Ceausescu’s communist regime

Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife Elena ruled the country for 24 years, from 1965 until 1989. During those years, Romania underwent several changes, and the population had to endure an endless number injustices and restrictions. Generally, historians present the Romanian Communism in two segments: one between 1965 and 1971, and one between 1971 and 1989. During his first years as a ruler, Nicolae Ceausescu had an ...

Vlad the Impaler – The ruthless ruler of Wallachia

It's really hard to imagine what Romania would have looked like without Vlad the Impaler. Even though he is famous for being a source of inspiration for Bram Stoker's Dracula, we assure you that his life story is far more interesting, and many Romanians view him as a national hero. He was one of the most respected rulers of Wallachia, a true defender of Christianity, a great warrior, and a brilliant politician. And ...

Top 10 Castles in Romania

It is no secret that Romania is renowned for its impressive medieval castles. But because it is quite impossible to visit all of them in one trip, we put together a list of some of the most beautiful castles in Romania that should not miss from your bucket list. 1. Peleș Castle Our list starts with the beautiful Peleș Castle. Located in the heart of the Carpathian Mountains, in the beautiful region of Sinaia, this ...

History of Dracula, and the connection between him and Transylvania

Although Vlad Dracula was one of the most famous rulers of Wallachia, many of the inhabitants of the villages surrounding his medieval castles feared he is actually a terrifying, blood-sucking creature. This fear lived on throughout the ages and managed to place him in the minds of many generations as a highly controversial character called Count Dracula. But why the name of Dracula? And why was Transylvania ...