Lying at the foothill of the Carpathians, at the gateway to Transylvania, the city has experienced long ages of prosperity which, today, give us the opportunity to admire historical buildings and the traces of an impressive past.
The city will surely charm you with its medieval features that can be observed throughout the city, especially prominent in the town square.
Chronicles consider 1203 as the founding year of Brasov. Throughout history, the city was known under various names, such as Kronstadt (German), Brasso (Corona) and Kruhnen (Saxon). If you get to see Brasov, you should not miss Bran Castle, also known as Dracula’s Castle, Sfatului Square in the center of Brasov where Romanian, Saxons and Hungarian merchants used met to sell their merchandise. Near the square, you can visit the Black Church, the Graft and Smiths Bastions, the White Tour and the Black Tower, Schei Gate and Catherine Gate.
Discover the legend of Brasov
Briefly, after Brasov had been erected in the mountains, the legend has it that a dangerous dragon made its dwelling in a little cave on the heights. Nowadays called „Bethlen” cave. The giant monster used to terrify the community by wreaking havoc on its path.
Once, a student came to the stronghold. While learning its prayers, he began to say the words out loud and he got swallowed by the dragon.
A stranger went then to his father and offered to kill the monster. He was promised a big reward for his act of bravery. The stranger filled a calfskin with burnt lime and put the trap on a meadow, luring the giant dragon who got in the trap and swallowed the calfskin with a ravenous appetite. It felt then deeply thirsty so it flew to the nearest water to quench its thirst. But the burnt lime began to absorb the water and engirt so hard that the dragon cracked.
This is how it was saved the student who was still living. In memory of the miraculous saving of his son, the grateful father ordered his subjects to carve the image of the dragon on the wall climbing Tampa hill, from the eastern corner of the town to the cattle shelter on Tampa Heights.