Prejmer Fortress

Prejmer village houses some of the oldest artifacts in Transylvania.

Prejmer fortress

Later on, in the 15th century, as the Ottoman menace was spreading, the exterior walls were added, 12 meters tall and three meters thick. As the battles with the Turks and the Tartars were quite frequent and the constant pillaging forced the villagers to start over after every invasion, each family set up small shelters inside the walls – one room per family –, to keep their most precious possessions in, and to use as a place of refuge. Prejmer Fortress has 272 such rooms, in a honeycomb layout, forming together the shape of a beehive.

prejmer fortress courtyard

Prejmer fortress was under siege several dozen times, and in this process, its defense system was improved. The pride of this system was the “death organ”, an ingenious device that would ensure continuous firing at the attackers. This was the reason why the Prejmer Fortress was the strongest fortified church in Eastern Europe. The one that lasted until present times and joining other famous citadels in the UNESCO heritage.

Prejmer church

Dedicated to “The Holy Cross”, the Prejmer church has been built on a central plan, on Greek cross, modified by the interventions in the sixteenth century. It is the best preserved and the most powerful medieval fortress-church in the Eastern Europe. The most valuable artifact in the church is the altar which was manufactured around 1450, being the oldest in Transylvania. Its folding wings are painted on both sides and depict the Passion of Christ. The central part depicts the Crucifixion. The simple compositions are typical of the iconography patterns and have a particularly impressive glow of the tones of red, brought forth by the golden background. The name of the master painter is not known but he is speculated to have had a Viennese formation. The influence of the Austrian school of painting is evident in the attempt to suggest the perspective of geometric images inside.

Visiting hours:

High season: from May 1 to November 1
From Tuesday to Friday: 9.00 – 17.00,
Saturday: 9.00 – 15.00,
Sunday and Monday: closed
Low season: from November 1 to May 1
From Tuesday to Saturday: 9.00 – 15.00,
Sunday and Monday: closed

Ticket Prices:

Adults: 8 lei,
Pupils/students: 4 lei