Being one of the most famous areas of Romania, Transylvania is located in the heart of the country and is surrounded by the Carpathians like the walls of a fortress.

The region combines perfectly the wonders of man with those of nature and is a place filled with medieval history and fantastic landscapes. Here you will find the Villages with Fortified Churches, as well as the historic city of Sighisoara, both part of UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites.

The wilderness of the Carpathians helps turn the region into a perfect location for a getaway from the city, offering you the chance to go hiking or trekking along the valleys and the mountains.

UNESCO fortified churches of Transylvania

In your trip to Transylvania, you must stop and visit the authentic fortified churches dating back to the twelfth-century of which seven are in the UNESCO list of monuments. Although each fortified church is a special defensive solution, they can be grouped into three types.

Typical for the lowlands from the Country of Barsei are the churches with fortified enclosure. They have the defensive installations placed almost exclusively on the site with the church being little or no fortified. The most authentic example of this type of fortified church can be found in Prejmer. Prejmer fortified church is an early Gothic church of the Holy Cross built in the shape of a cross, built in the 15th century.

The second type you might encounter in Transylvania is fortified churches. They are typical for the hilly areas and have defensive elements present equally on the site and in the construction of the church. Churches from this category have been restructured by eliminating the lateral sides and building defensive floors above the main side. The churches were also surrounded by a fortified area.

The most remarkable for the complexity of the defensive arrangements are the church from Valea Viilor and the church from Biertan. The fortified church from Valea Viilor was transformed into a Gothic style fortified church in the early 16th century. The fortified church from Biertan was completed around 1522-1523, on a low hill, and it is a late Gothic type building with two lines of walls.

At Viscri, the most impressive element is the fair and balanced style in which the fortifications are present both in the church and site. The fortified church from Viscri is a Romanesque chapel fortified in the 16th century with semi-circular arches. The walls were strengthened in the 17th century.

The redoubt churches emerged in the late 15th century and represent the last stage in the evolution of fortified churches. These were churches built from the start with strong defensive installations and less fortified enclosures.The first redoubt church was built in 1946 in Saschiz, it was finalized in 1525 and has the appearance of a high bastion. Other two examples are the churches from Calnic and Darju.

Calnic fortified church was initially a chapel transformed by the villagers into a fortified church by raising the walls fitted with two towers. In the village of Darju, you can visit the Gothic church which was fortified in 1520 and restructured in the 17th century.

Places in Transylvania

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Bran Castle
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astra museum mill house
Astra National Museum Complex
The ASTRA Museum Of Traditional Folk Civilization, one of the most beautiful in Europe.

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fagaras fortress
The Fagaras fortress
The result of centuries of transformations, the Fagaras fortress is nowadays one of the best conserved feudal monuments in Romania

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sighisoara medieval city
Sighisoara fortress – The only inhabited medieval fortress in Europe
Sighisoara fortress is the only inhabited mediaeval fortress in South-East Europe, being part of the UNESCO heritage

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viscri fortified church
Viscri village
The Saxon settlements and their fortified churches

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turda salt mine top view
Turda Salt Mine
The sights inside the mine are otherworldly, attracting artists in search of spectacular views.

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medieval fortress calnic romania
Calnic Castle
An old nobiliary residence and one of the best preserved monuments in Transylvania, included on the list of UNESCO World

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corvin castle during day
The Hunyad Castle – Amazing Medieval Castle in Transylvania
Also known as the Corvins' Castle, this is one of the most impressive and well-conserved Gothic castles in Europe

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Transfagarasan road – Top Gear’s best road in the world in 2011
In recent years, the fame of the road crossing the Southern Carpathians from North to South through the Fagaras Massif

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Rasnov fortress
The first to build a wooden fortification on this site were the Teutonic knights, attracted here by its strategic position,

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Relaxation or adventure, Apuseni Mountains can provide both
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Breb, one of the best preserved villages in Romania
Romania is a country that never ceases to amaze and each historical region has its own particular charm.

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prejmer fortress
Prejmer Fortress
At the centre of today's fortress stands the church, a building on which the Order of Teutonic Knights started working

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Adopt a bear at the LiBEARty Bear Sanctuary in Romania
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Rimetea, the white-green village where the sun rises twice
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Poenari Castle – the Fortress of Vlad the Impaler
A former place of refuge for the rulers of Walachia, who would retreat here when fleeing foreign invaders

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fortified church of biertan
Biertan fortified church
The Saxon settlements and their fortified churches

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bicaz red lake
Red Lake
Located in a picturesque area and surrounded by tall mountains, Lacul Rosu ("the Red Lake") is the only natural accumulation

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dacian fortress site
The Dacian fortresses in the Orastie Mountains
The Dacian vestiges in Romania are representative for the ancient civilisation that used to thrive in this area, being unique

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Tours in Transylvania