You can find Bran if you travel 28 kilometers southwest of the city of Brașov. Bran is a small town that guards the most important medieval route that connects Transylvania to Wallachia, the Rucăr-Bran Pass. In this village, at the top of a steep mountain cliff, stands Bran Castle – commonly known as Dracula's Castle, which is by far one of the most famous castles in Romania, alongside with Peles Castle, Corvin Castle, and Rasnov Fortress. Vampire films and novels widely popularize it. Although there is no evidence that Bram Stoker knew about the existence of Bran, the castle is often referred to as the home of his infamous character, Count Dracula. Hence the name of Dracula's Castle.
Being located in Brasov County, Bran Castle Transylvania was first built by the Teutonic Knights in 1212 as a wooden castle guarding an important mountain pass and defend the Southeastern border of Transylvania, but the Mongols destroyed it in 1242.
Saxons of Transylvania
This beautiful medieval castle was first mentioned in the Romanian history in documents from 1377 when the Saxons of Kronstadt built it at their own expense and labor force. The construction was completed in 1388 and it had the role of a military fortress that was standing at the east border of Transylvania, built on a steep cliff between Magura and Dealul Cetatii. Furthermore, the castle was used as a goods trade pass as well.
John Hunyadi (Iancu de Hunedoara)
The castle was given to Prince Mircea from Sigismund of Luxembourg as an exchange of loyalty. After the Prince’s death in 1419, the castle was given to the princes of Transylvania. Iancu de Hunedoara defeated the Turks in Bran in 1441 and strengthened the rapport with the people from Brasov.
Besides playing an important military role in the history of Romania, Bran Castle also had a commercial purpose. Being placed at the border of two important regions, it provided safe passage from one location to another. Therefore, it improved the relations and economic development of both Wallachia and Transylvania.
Vlad the Impaler
As time passed, and military conflicts intensified, the castle was heavily fortified and used over the ages as a defensive position against the invading Ottoman Empire. Despite popular belief, the real story is that Vlad the Impaler (Vlad Tepes) had little to do with the castle, although he passed through the area occasionally.
During his first and second reign, Vlad Tepes handled the situation at the border and was allied with Bran. Later on because of Saxon's request to raise the taxes and for supporting one of his opponents, the voivode attacked Brasov in 1459 and murdered hundreds of Saxons.
1498 – 1691
In 1498 Brasov bought the right to use the castle for 10 years. Even after Transylvania became a part of the Habsburg Empire in 1687, the right for the castle to the Prices of Transylvania was reconfirmed by the Leopold Diploma.
Until 1836, when the castle lost its military purpose but still used as an administrative seat, the castle has been damaged and renovated in some occasions. From 1888 the castle felt into deterioration.
In 1920, after the Treaty of Trianon, Bran Castle became a royal residence within the Kingdom of Romania. Afterward, it quickly became Queen Marie of Romania's favorite home, who ended up renovating it. She was the granddaughter of Queen Victoria, and she married Prince Ferdinand in 1893.
Queen Maria did not like much the court life in Bucharest, and she used to ride unattended through the streets and throw roses at the citizens during carnivals. She appointed herself a colonel of the Red Hussars. However, her popularity started declining in 1919 when she announced at a peace conference in Paris that she should be the new face of Romania.
During World War II, the castle was used as a hospital by Princess Ileana, Queen Marie's daughter, but in 1948 it was seized by the communist regime.
In 2005, the Romanian government passed a special law that allowed restitution claims on properties illegally seized by the Ceausescu regime. In 2006 the castle was awarded to the royal family, more specifically to Princess Ileana's son, Dominic von Habsburg. In 2009 it was transferred to his sisters, Maria-Magdalena Holzhausen and Elisabeth Sandhofer. In June 2009, the renovated castle was opened together with the Bran Village to preserve and boost Romania's tourism and improve the economic situation of the region.
Furniture inside Bran Castle
Today the Castle (Castelul Bran) is a private museum that displays art and furniture collected by Queen Marie. Thousands of tourists visit Bran Castle each year for an authentic vampire experience, and they are not disappointed. The castle was restored several times, and now it looks very much like it used to during the time of its famous residents.
Surrounded by towers and ramparts, this "pugnacious little fortress", as Queen Marie called it, is a genuinely stunning castle, especially against the beautiful background dominated by the Carpathian Mountains. Several nearby attractions, as well as Bran Castle itself, are also home to a Halloween party on the last day of November. So if you want a truly extraordinary experience, make sure to book ahead of time.
Bedroom inside Bran Castle
One of the tunnels inside Bran Castle
But Bran has more to offer, other than a Bran Castle tour. You can take a trip to the open-air Village Museum, which is located in the park near Bran Castle. Here, you will find 18 examples of traditional Romanian households, as well as other wooden constructions. For example, you can find a sawmill, a fulling mill, which was used to manufacture wool, both powered by water. South of the Village Museum, you can find the Ancient Customs House Museum. It displays several examples of foreign goods that were traded through this pass, such as an English clock or a Canadian traveling trunk.
*Starting from May 2019 you can have a Dracula's Castle tour by night.
Besides being a great spot to discover the Dracula legend of the infamous vampire lord, Bran offers countless opportunities for activities that can be performed. Four kilometers away from the rustic village, you will find the Zănoaga Ski Slopes, a rather new touristic attraction. The ski slope has three tracks - a 650m long track of medium difficulty, a 700m long track of high difficulty, and a track for beginners. The low and medium difficulty tracks are equipped with chairlifts and floodlights. At the base of the ski slope, you can find an equipment rental center and a first-aid center.
Since Bran is located between Piatra Craiului National Park and Bucegi Natural Park, the village is the perfect departure location for several hiking trails. You can choose to explore the beautiful Bucegi Park that is filled with beech forests, greeneries, and alpine rivers. Or you can wander into the wilderness of the Piatra Craiului National Park, rich in wildlife and numerous challenging hikes and climbing routes.
Piatra Craiului National Park
Bran's surrounding area is a mountain biking heaven. It is filled with tracks of diverse difficulties that stretches across magnificent landscapes. These biking tracks pass through numerous rustic mountain villages as well. So, whether you're looking for an adrenaline-filled ride through the mountain tracks, or you want to ride through the plains and meet some of the locals, Bran is a great choice.
Reaching Bran is quite easy, with buses being available from Brașov's main bus terminal every 30 minutes, and it also easily reachable by car. As for accommodation, our top choice is the Brătescu Mansion, an authentic Romanian mansion located less than one kilometer away from Dracula's Castle. The Brătescu Mansion also offers an extensive range of delicious cuisine, from bio meals to traditional Romanian dishes, which are best paired with one of their exceptional wines. In Bran you will also find several supermarkets and ATMs, so you don't worry about a thing.
If you want to find out more specific info about Bran Castle, such as visiting hours & admission fees, head over to their official website.
It is no secret that Bran Castle owes most of its fame to the Castle of Dracula from Bram Stoker's novel. However, few people know that the author never visited Romania. There are few sources, as well, that suggests that he even used Bran Castle as an inspiration for Dracula novel.
The main resemblance between the two castles can be found in the description the author gives for his castle of Dracula: "...on the very edge of a terrific precipice...with occasionally a deep rift where there is chasm [with] silver threads where the rivers wind in deep gorges through the forests.", which very similar to what the setting around Bran Castle actually looks like.
Another factor that contributed to the popularization of Dracula's Castle is the common confusion of Count Dracula with Vlad the Impaler, also known as Vlad Țepeș. Vlad Tepes was one of the most ruthless rulers of Wallachia, and the son of Vlad II Dracul, also known as Vlad the Dragon.
Portrait of Vlad the Impaler
Although Vlad Țepeș passed several times through Brașov, there are no known records of him Vlad the Impaler visiting Bran Castle. Vlad the Impaler mainly ruled from Poenari Fortress. And while some claim that Bran Castle inspired the legend of Dracula's Castle in Bram Stoker's novel, these claims have no basis.
So as you can see, there are no vast connections between Bram Stoker's Dracula, Vlad the Impaler, and Bran Castle. And although that does not make the story any less impressive, visitors should always be aware of the difference between the legends and the real history. And as we all know, a written post can never beat a live experience. Therefore, we encourage you to go ahead and visit Bran Castle on a guided tour from Bucharest, or you can visit it by yourself on a tour from Brasov.